References on Unconscious Bias

  • Bellack J. Unconscious Bias: An Obstacle to Cultural Competence. Editorial. Journal of Nursing Education. 54:9, Suppl., 2015.

  • Bullock J & Hauer KE. Healing a broken clerkship grading system. AAMC Diversity & Inclusion in Medical Education; 22 Feb 2020.

  • Bullock J L, Lai C J, Lockspeiser T, O'Sullivan P S, Aronowitz P, Dellmore D, Fung C C, Knight C & Hauer KE. In Pursuit of Honors: A Multi-Institutional Study of Students' Perceptions of Clerkship Evaluation and Grading. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94(11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn Serve Lead), S48-S56; 2019.

  • Grosvenor AM. Isnt’ She Lovely? Medicine@Brown.  (posted Fall 2019).

  • Hemmer PA & Karani R. Let’s Face It: We Are Biased, and It Should Not Be That Way. J GEN INTERN MED 34, 649–651 (2019). 

  • Lee K & Vaishnavi S, Lau S, Andriole D & Jeffe D. "Making the grade:" Noncognitive predictors of medical students' clinical clerkship grades. Journal of the National Medical Association. 99. 1138-50; 2007.

  • Low D, Pollack SW, Liao ZC, et al. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Clinical Grading in Medical School. Teach Learn Med. 2019; 31(5):487-496. doi:10.1080/10401334.2019.1597724

  • Steinke P & Fitch P. Minimizing Bias When Assessing Student Work. Research & Practice in Assessment, 12, 87-95; 2017.

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