Faculty Instructional Development

 

BDA: A Framework for Reflective Teaching in Clinical Settings

What is the BDA framework?

The BDA framework enables the clinical educator to structure the learning experience, even when there is little time for planning to teach. The framework is compatible with Schön's (1983) framework for reflective practice and professional learning, which encourages us to engage in reflection IN, ON, and FOR patient care and all aspects of learning or practice (see Plack & Santasier, 2005, 2004).

The BDA framework focuses on the use of educational strategies at these key points in time: before (FOR), during (IN) and after (ON)  the learning experience.  

We can strengthen our application of the BDA framework by combining it with Pangaro's (1999) RIME framework, which highlights four integral roles physicians perform in everyday practice:

  1. Reporter
  2. Interpreter
  3. Manager, and
  4. Educator.