Resources & Strategies for Medical Educators

Many scholars have researched and written on the topic of metacognition in learning and teaching in K-12 and higher education. Some researchers refer to metacognition as reflection, critical thinking, or higher order thinking. In the field of medicine, the focus of inquiry has been on reflective practice, a form of metacognitive engagement in professional practice and lifelong learning.

In this section of the site, you will find peer-reviewed articles as well as references to books and multi-media resources on the processes involved in reflective teaching practice as well as the reflective practice of medicine.


This literature and other resources are grouped by category as follows:

  • Evidence-based decision making
  • Inquiry learning
  • Learning theory and metacognitive engagement
  • Reflective learning, teaching and practice 
  • Technology & metacognition

Feedback Guides  

In addition, this site has CME courses, modules and other resources for educators in the preclinical and clinical  years. Below are a few links to feedback guides created by the FID Director. While some refer to clinical teaching scenarios, the principles are applicable to giving constructive feedback in any situation.

Related Resources

Cognitive ErrorCME FeedbackMillenialsReflective Inquiry Stanford Fac Dev Ctr