The Role of Inquiry in Teaching and Learning

Asking the right question can mean all the difference in whether educators trigger reflective engagement or simply direct students to recall information on demand.

The scholarly articles below address how to engage students in inquiry-based learning. There are many such articles in peer-reviewed journals and other academic resources.

Articles & Books

  • Cho YH, Lee SY, Jeong DW, Im SJ, Choi EJ, Lee SH, Baek SY, Kim YJ, Jeong Lee G, Yi YH, Bae MJ & Yune SJ. l.Analysis of questioning technique during classes in medical education. BMC Medical Education, 12:39; 2012.

  • Dym CL. Engineering Design: So much to learn. International Journal of Engineering Education 22(3):422-428; 2006.

  • Huynh D, Haines ST, Plaza CM, Sturpe DA, Williams W, Rodriguez de Bittner MA & Roffman DS. The Impact of Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences on Students’ Readiness for Self-directed Learning. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 73:4, Article 65; 2009.

  • Jungnickel PW, Kelley KW, Hammer DP, Haines ST & Marlowe KF. Addressing Competencies for the Future in the Professional Curriculum. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73:8, Article 156; 2009.

  • Patrick AO & Urhievwejire EO. Is Soliciting Important in Science? An Investigation of Science Teacher-Student Questioning Interactions. International Education Studies 5:1; pp. 191-199; 2012.

  • Paul R & Elder L. The Art of Socratic Questioning. Foundation for Critical Thinking Press:CA; 2007 (link to sample chapter below).

  • Sawyer RK. Creative Teaching: Collaborative Discussion as Disciplined Improvisation. Educational Researcher 33(2):12-20; 2004

  • Stewart, DW, Brown SD, Clavier CW & Wyatt J.  Active-Learning Processes Used in US Pharmacy Education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 75:4, Article 68; 2011.

  • Tofade T, Elsner J & Haines ST. Best Practice Strategies for Effective Use of Questions as a Teaching Tool. Am. J. Pharm Educ 77(7):155; 2013.