Resources for Reflective Teaching, Learning & Practice

The reflective practice of medicine is promoted by the AMA, AAMC and other professional organizations. It is also the ultimate goal for UA COM medical students, to become reflective practitioners. Becoming reflective practitioners requires the cultivation of the habit of reflection, before encountering patients, while interacting with patients or in the midst of addressing patient care or planning, and once a matter has been resolved, with the aim of improving future practice. Many have written on this topic with respect to medical and other professions. Below are a few scholarly resources.


  • Clouder L. Reflective Practice: Realising its potential. Physiotherapy, 85(10); 2000.

  • Loughran J J. Journal of Teacher Education 53(1) Jan/Feb; 2002.

  • Lyons N. Handbook of Reflection and reflective inquiry. Springer:NY; 2010.

  • Marmede S & Schmidth HG. The structure of reflective practice in medicine. Medical Education. Dec;38(12):1302-8; 1996b; 2004.

  • Marmede S, Schmidt HG & Rikers R. Diagnostic errors and reflective practice in medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 13:138-145; 2007

  • Plack MM & Santasier, LG. The Reflective Practitioner: Reaching for Excellence in Practice. Commentary, In Pediatrics. pp. 1545-1553; 2005.

  • Redmond, B. Reflection in action: Developing reflective practice in health and social services. Ashgate Publishing:UK; 2006.

  • Schön D. The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. NY:Basic Books; 1983.